Skip to main content

Artificial Intelligence Policy Across the Atlantic

Today, the Bipartisan Policy Center released their latest report, Artificial Intelligence Policy and the European Union, to better understand European regulatory approaches to AI, their influence on U.S. politics and society, and the challenges and opportunities of AI policymaking. 

“Artificial intelligence is a critical technology impacting our everyday life, including our health, finances, and work with policymakers in the United States and European Union looking into the opportunities and challenges the technology brings,” said John Soroushian, senior associate director of business and technology at BPC. “Our report is designed to provide U.S. policymakers with insights on how EU policymakers are handling AI policy and key areas of debate.” 

Some key take-aways from our research include: 

  • The EU is taking a more precautionary and hard law approach to AI in comparison to the United States, as demonstrated by the European Commission’s work on the proposed AI Act 
  • Stakeholders generally agree on a risk-based approach to AI policy but disagree on how to categorize the risks of AI systems and implement this in practice 
  • A major debate exists around whether to take a precautionary or permissive approach to regulating AI, with the EU leaning towards the “precautionary principle” and the U.S. leaning towards “permissionless innovation.” However, neither is entirely in one camp or the other 

In producing this paper, BPC conducted in-depth interviews with various stakeholders from academia, industry, and civil society, from the European Union and United States to help guide our thinking. 

Read the full report. 

For questions or to speak with John Soroushian, please contact Senior Manager of Media Relations Kyle Fischer.