Working to find actionable solutions to the nation's key challenges.

In June 2016, the Bipartisan Policy Center’s Energy Project released a new analysis of the transitioning electric power sector and projected impacts of the final Clean Power Plan.
This includes:

For additional graphs at the U.S. and regional level, sort by topic, runs, and regions below:

  • East - Average Annual Cost
    East,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing)
  • ERCOT - Average Annual Cost
    ERCOT,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing)
  • West - Average Annual Cost
    Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N),West
  • US - Average Annual Cost
    Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing),US
  • East - Average Annual Cost
    East,Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing)
  • ERCOT - Average Annual Cost
    ERCOT,Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing)
  • West - Average Annual Cost
    Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing),West
  • US - Average Annual Cost
    Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing),US
  • East - Average Annual Cost
    East,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • ERCOT - Average Annual Cost
    ERCOT,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • West - Average Annual Cost
    Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),West
  • US - Average Annual Cost
    Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),US
  • East - Average Annual Cost
    East,Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • ERCOT - Average Annual Cost
    ERCOT,Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • West - Average Annual Cost
    Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),West
  • US - Average Annual Cost
    Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),US
  • East - Average Annual Cost
    East,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing)
  • ERCOT - Average Annual Cost
    ERCOT,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing)
  • West - Average Annual Cost
    Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),West
  • US - Average Annual Cost
    Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),US
  • East - Average Annual Cost
    East,Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing)
  • ERCOT - Average Annual Cost
    ERCOT,Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing)
  • West - Average Annual Cost
    Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),West
  • US - Average Annual Cost
    Incremental to Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),US
  • East - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,East,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Dual Rate, Patchwork (E+N)
  • ERCOT - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,ERCOT,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Dual Rate, Patchwork (E+N)
  • West - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Dual Rate, Patchwork (E+N),West
  • US - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Dual Rate, Patchwork (E+N),US
  • East - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,East,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (E+N, EE)
  • ERCOT - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,ERCOT,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (E+N, EE)
  • West - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (E+N, EE),West
  • US - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (E+N, EE),US
  • East - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,East,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price)
  • ERCOT - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,ERCOT,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price)
  • West - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price),West
  • US - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing + new unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price),US
  • East - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,East,Existing unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (existing), Dual Rate, Patchwork (existing)
  • ERCOT - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,ERCOT,Existing unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (existing), Dual Rate, Patchwork (existing)
  • West - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (existing), Dual Rate, Patchwork (existing),West
  • US - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (existing), Dual Rate, Patchwork (existing),US
  • East - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,East,Existing unit affected CO2,Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (existing)
  • ERCOT - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,ERCOT,Existing unit affected CO2,Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (existing)
  • West - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing unit affected CO2,Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (existing),West
  • US - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing unit affected CO2,Mass Goal, Reference, Mass (existing),US
  • East - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,East,Existing unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • ERCOT - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,ERCOT,Existing unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • West - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (existing, EE),West
  • US - Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal
    Covered Emissions Compared to Mass Goal,Existing unit affected CO2, Mass Goal, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (existing, EE),US
  • East - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    East,Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, banking)
  • ERCOT - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,ERCOT,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, banking)
  • West - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, banking),West
  • US - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, banking),US
  • East - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    East,Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas)
  • ERCOT - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,ERCOT,Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas)
  • West - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas),West
  • US - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas),US
  • East - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    East,Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Mass (existing), Increased Stringency
  • ERCOT - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,ERCOT,Reference, Mass (existing), Increased Stringency
  • West - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Mass (existing), Increased Stringency,West
  • US - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Mass (existing), Increased Stringency,US
  • East - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    East,Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing)
  • ERCOT - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,ERCOT,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing)
  • West - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing),West
  • US - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing),US
  • East - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    East,Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • ERCOT - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,ERCOT,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • West - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),West
  • US - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),US
  • East - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    East,Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing)
  • ERCOT - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,ERCOT,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing)
  • West - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),West
  • US - Electric Sector CO2 Emissions
    Electric Sector CO2 Emissions,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),US
  • All - ERC/Allowance Prices
    Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, banking), Mass (existing),ERC/Allowance Prices
  • All - ERC/Allowance Prices
    Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, banking), Mass (existing),ERC/Allowance Prices
  • All - ERC/Allowance Prices
    Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, banking), Mass (existing),ERC/Allowance Prices
  • All - ERC/Allowance Prices
    Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),ERC/Allowance Prices
  • All - ERC/Allowance Prices
    Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),ERC/Allowance Prices
  • All - ERC/Allowance Prices
    Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),ERC/Allowance Prices
  • East - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),East,Generation Mix
  • ERCOT - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),ERCOT,Generation Mix
  • West - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),Generation Mix,West
  • US - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing),Generation Mix,US
  • East - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Mass (existing), Increased Stringency,East,Generation Mix
  • ERCOT - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Mass (existing), Increased Stringency,ERCOT,Generation Mix
  • West - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Mass (existing), Increased Stringency,Generation Mix,West
  • US - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Mass (existing), Increased Stringency,Generation Mix,US
  • East - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA),East,Generation Mix
  • ERCOT - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA),ERCOT,Generation Mix
  • West - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA),Generation Mix,West
  • US - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA),Generation Mix,US
  • East - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas),East,Generation Mix
  • ERCOT - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas),ERCOT,Generation Mix
  • West - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas),Generation Mix,West
  • US - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas),Generation Mix,US
  • East - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),East,Generation Mix
  • ERCOT - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),ERCOT,Generation Mix
  • West - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),Generation Mix,West
  • US - Generation Mix
    Average Annual Comparison, Reference, No CPP (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),Generation Mix,US
  • East - Generation Mix
    East,Generation Mix,Mass (E+N) Generation Mix Over Time
  • ERCOT - Generation Mix
    ERCOT,Generation Mix,Mass (E+N) Generation Mix Over Time
  • West - Generation Mix
    Generation Mix,Mass (E+N) Generation Mix Over Time,West
  • US - Generation Mix
    Generation Mix,Mass (E+N) Generation Mix Over Time,US
  • East - Generation Mix
    East,Generation Mix,Reference Generation Mix Over Time
  • ERCOT - Generation Mix
    ERCOT,Generation Mix,Reference Generation Mix Over Time
  • West - Generation Mix
    Generation Mix,Reference Generation Mix Over Time,West
  • US - Generation Mix
    Generation Mix,Reference Generation Mix Over Time,US
  • East - NGCC Capacity Factors
    East,NGCC Capacity Factors,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA)
  • ERCOT - NGCC Capacity Factors
    ERCOT,NGCC Capacity Factors,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA)
  • West - NGCC Capacity Factors
    NGCC Capacity Factors,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA),West
  • US - NGCC Capacity Factors
    NGCC Capacity Factors,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA),US
  • East - New NGCC Builds
    East,New NGCC Builds,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA)
  • ERCOT - New NGCC Builds
    ERCOT,New NGCC Builds,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA)
  • West - New NGCC Builds
    New NGCC Builds,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA),West
  • US - New NGCC Builds
    New NGCC Builds,Reference, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Mass (FP OBA), Mass (100% OBA),US
  • East - New NGCC Builds
    East,New NGCC Builds,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing)
  • ERCOT - New NGCC Builds
    ERCOT,New NGCC Builds,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing)
  • West - New NGCC Builds
    New NGCC Builds,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing),West
  • US - New NGCC Builds
    New NGCC Builds,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (existing), Patchwork (E+N), Patchwork (existing),US
  • East - Incremental Coal Retirements
    East,Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas)
  • ERCOT - Incremental Coal Retirements
    ERCOT,Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas)
  • West - Incremental Coal Retirements
    Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas),West
  • US - Incremental Coal Retirements
    Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, No CPP (high gas), Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, high gas),US
  • East - Incremental Coal Retirements
    East,Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • ERCOT - Incremental Coal Retirements
    ERCOT,Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • West - Incremental Coal Retirements
    Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),West
  • US - Incremental Coal Retirements
    Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),US
  • East - Incremental Coal Retirements
    East,Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Mass (existing)
  • ERCOT - Incremental Coal Retirements
    ERCOT,Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Mass (existing)
  • West - Incremental Coal Retirements
    Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Mass (existing),West
  • US - Incremental Coal Retirements
    Incremental Coal Retirements,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Mass (existing),US
  • East - Incremental Nuclear Retirements
    East,Incremental Nuclear Retirements,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • ERCOT - Incremental Nuclear Retirements
    ERCOT,Incremental Nuclear Retirements,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE)
  • West - Incremental Nuclear Retirements
    Incremental Nuclear Retirements,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),West
  • US - Incremental Nuclear Retirements
    Incremental Nuclear Retirements,Reference, No CPP (EE), Dual Rate (EE), Mass (E+N, EE), Mass (existing, EE),US
  • East - Incremental Nuclear Retirements
    East,Incremental Nuclear Retirements,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Mass (existing)
  • ERCOT - Incremental Nuclear Retirements
    ERCOT,Incremental Nuclear Retirements,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Mass (existing)
  • West - Incremental Nuclear Retirements
    Incremental Nuclear Retirements,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Mass (existing),West
  • US - Incremental Nuclear Retirements
    Incremental Nuclear Retirements,Reference, Dual Rate, Mass (E+N), Mass (E+N, Banking), Mass (E+N, High Gas Price), Mass (existing),US