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You can’t vote by text, and online voting is not an option for most people.

Online voting is not an option for most citizens, with some exceptions for military service members and voters with disabilities. The Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (UOCAVA) allows certain military service members to cast ballots by email or on a secure web portal if allowed in their state. Some states also extend this option to domestic voters with disabilities.

According to data from the National Conference of State Legislatures, 31 states and the District of Columbia allow select voters to return their ballot electronically through email, fax, web-based portal, or app. These options are limited to UOCAVA voters and voters with disabilities.

In some states, voters can choose to receive their absentee ballot online or by email. If you chose this option, you must then print your ballot, fill it out by hand, and return it by mail, official drop box, or in person.

If you aren’t sure which options are available where you live, check with your local elections office or go to as soon as possible.

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