The newfound faith in the ability of centralized governments to maintain order by brutalizing restive populations into submission is belied by the region’s recent history.
The crisis in northern Iraq risks significantly disrupting U.S. policy in the region and comes on the heels of the recent capture of Raqqa in Syria.
Pointing to historical patterns of U.S. foreign policy is insufficient to guide future strategy or to justify new expenditures of blood and treasure.
As a new administration grapples with how to address challenges in the Middle East, the Bipartisan Policy Center is launching a task force of former diplomats and senior foreign policy experts.
The danger for Turkey is that Erdogan has already accumulated enough power that, even in defeat, he could easily bring the entire country down with him.