The country’s energy landscape is in a state of profound change. Substantial increases in oil, natural gas, and renewable energy production coupled with sustained end-use efficiency improvements have dramatically altered the U.S. energy landscape in just a few short years. These advances, however, also bring new challenges, such as a possible rapid transition in the electric-sector utility model or international tensions that raise new questions about U.S. energy exports. And there is a need to address climate change and other environmental impacts associated with energy production and consumption. BPC works with a diverse array of groups to address these issues. Through stakeholder engagement and objective, thoughtful analysis, BPC works to develop new policy approaches that will ensure a stronger, cleaner, and more reliable energy future.
The power sector faces threats from extreme weather events as well as cyber and physical attacks. Each has the potential to cause widespread, prolonged, and costly outages. Building on BPC’s strong foundation on electric grid reliability and cybersecurity, this initiative focuses on developing options for both industry and regulators to improve the reliability and resilience of the electric grid to mitigate the impact of these threats and transition to cleaner energy.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is poised to finalize new rules under the Clean Air Act to reduce CO2 emissions from both new and existing power plants. Under EPA’s approach, states are given broad latitude and significant flexibility to develop their own implementation plans for existing power plants. BPC provides a platform for states and stakeholders to better understand the proposed rules, explore implementation options, and openly share concerns. BPC also conducts energy-economic modeling to assist states in assessing their options and to add an objective and authoritative voice on the economic and environmental impacts of the rules.
Robust investments in the development of clean energy technologies are critical to driving strong economic growth, creating jobs in new industries, and reestablishing America’s energy technology leadership. BPC’s American Energy Innovation Council advocates for greater federal research and development investments in clean energy technology and other public policies that foster energy innovation.
Despite decades of efforts by the executive branch, Congress, industry, citizens groups, and others—and billions of taxpayers’ and electricity consumers’ dollars—the United States still struggles with solving its nuclear waste problem. BPC focuses on developing options and building broad-based support from multiple stakeholders to address nuclear waste.
Oil and natural gas production in the United States is booming, with the country on the verge of becoming the largest producer in the world. This dramatic shift requires policymakers to rethink and revise a wide range of current policies, from federal restrictions on exports of crude oil to state regulations of oil and gas drilling. BPC’s work examines the market, geopolitical, and environmental implications of the oil and gas boom, along with new policies to match this new reality.
Improvements in U.S. energy efficiency over the last few decades have outpaced the expansion of output from all other energy sources combined over the same period. Together with renewable energy—wind, solar, biomass, and others—these resources are critical for driving economic growth, diversifying U.S. energy supplies, and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. BPC focuses on opportunities to cost-effectively promote the production of renewable fuels, renewable electricity, and energy efficiency through analysis and engagement with both the administration and Congress.