Over the past 20 years, the flow and demographic profile of immigrants entering the United States has changed dramatically. This issue brief explores the changes in key demographic categories of immigration, along with trends in unauthorized immigration and border activity, and how they compare with the current immigration debate.
The H-1B visa is frequently referred to in the media as a “tech visa”, as in this New York Times piece on how the “Hire American” executive order would affect the program. While a large share of H-1B visas are, in fact, awarded to workers in computer-related occupations, this paints an incomplete portrait of who is using the program.
DHS report shows that foreign temporary entrants follow the law and leave on time almost 99 percent of the time.
The efforts of members of Congress to move forward the discussion on immigration, including some potential means of addressing the status of the unauthorized, is welcome.
DHS’s plan to roll out further testing of biometric exit data and commitment to better tracking of overstays are vital steps toward results desperately needed at our ports of entry.
Under U.S. immigration law, approximately 21 visa categories are classified as “temporary workers.” Most commonly discussed temporary worker programs are H-1B, H-2A , H-2B, and L visas. The nonimmigrant visa waiver program allows visitors into the United States.
Legal permanent resident status, also known as a “green card”, allows foreign nationals to permanently live and work in the United States.