Over the past 20 years, the flow and demographic profile of immigrants entering the United States has changed dramatically. This issue brief explores the changes in key demographic categories of immigration, along with trends in unauthorized immigration and border activity, and how they compare with the current immigration debate.
Atypical migration patterns have created unpredictability that challenge the Department of Homeland Security’s ability to stem and predict future trends.
If the number of cases continues to exceed the caps, the waiting time is likely to grow to years, once again showing how the migrant crisis is stretching our immigration system.
A report from BPC says that 93% of those apprehended crossing the border illegally in the 2013 fiscal year are from Mexico, Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador.
New immigration enforcement data: for the first time in history, most border crossers are not Mexican
The Office of Immigration Statistics’ report on enforcement actions presents statistics on the number of foreigners apprehended, detained, and removed from the country in the previous year.
In the ongoing dialogue over the current child migration crisis, attention has recently focused on what happens to children after they are apprehended at the border. Several outlets have reported the number of children deported in recent years based on statistics from Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). While an increasing number of children apprehended are under age 14, the Pew Research Center recently released data that showed that 84 percent of children apprehended so far in 2014 were teenagers. Because of long backlogs in the immigration court system, some of these teenagers will turn 18 before their removal. In order to get a clearer picture of how many apprehended minors are ultimately removed, these “age-out” cases should be included.
Under the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008, the Department of Homeland Security screens Mexican children within 48 hours of apprehension to determine if the child is a victim of trafficking or has a claim to asylum based on fear of persecution.