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State Use of Supplemental CCDBG Funds in the CARES Act During 2020

The CARES Act provided $3.5 billion in supplemental child care funding through the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) to help address the needs of working families and providers during the COVID-19 pandemic. States were given broad flexibility for how to use this funding, and therefore took a variety of approaches to spend these funds. However, by September, many states ran out of the supplemental funding and began pulling from other funding sources to continue supporting providers. By the end of 2020, just 13 states had announced plans to provide continued support for providers into the new year, given most states had already expended their supplemental CCDBG funds and the uncertainty about further federal relief through the end of the year.

This 50-state analysis identifies how each state supported child care providers and working parents during 2020, including a specific update to our prior analysis in September.

In December, Congress came to agreement on another major COVID relief and recovery package which provided $10 billion in emergency assistance for child care through CCDBG and requires states to publish how they plan to use such funds by late February. The Bipartisan Policy Center will track how states are using this new infusion of federal funding to support child care providers and working parents.

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WA OR CA ID NV WY WV WI VT VA UT TX TN SD SC RI PA OK OH NM NY NJ NH NE ND NC MT MS MO MN MI ME MD MA LA KY KS IN IL IA HI GA FL DE CT CO AZ AR AL AK DC
Alabama

Alabama received $65 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Alaska

Alaska received $6.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Actand distributed the full amount by the end of April2020.

More information here.

Arizona

Arizona received $88 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Arkansas

Arkansas received $41.5million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

California

California received $350 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Colorado

Colorado received $42.5 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Connecticut

Connecticut received $23.5 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Delaware

Delaware received $9.7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act and deemed child care an essential business during the pandemic.

More information here.

District Of Columbia

The District of Columbia received $6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Florida

Florida received $223.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Georgia

Georgia received $144.5 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Hawaii

Hawaii received $12 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Idaho

Idaho received $20 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act and deemed child care an essential service.

More information here.

Illinois

Illinois received $118.4million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Indiana

Indiana received $78.8 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Iowa

Iowa received $32 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.In March,76% of programs were temporarily closed due to the crisis.

More information here.

Kansas

Kansas received $30.77 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Kentucky

Kentucky received $67.7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act. As of November 13, Kentucky had spent approximately $62 million of its CARES Act supplement.

More information here.

Louisiana

Louisiana received $67.7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Maine

Maine received $11million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Maryland

Maryland received $45 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act. The state deemed child care an essential service, and obligated 100% of its supplemental CCDBG funds by June.

More information here.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts received $45.7million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Michigan

Michigan received $100 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Minnesota

Minnesota received $48.1 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

Mississippi

Mississippi received $47 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Missouri

Missouri received $66.5 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Montana

Montana received $10.1 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Nebraska

Nebraska received $20 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Nevada

Nevada received $32.9million in supplemental CCDBG funds and anticipated that this funding would last through August 2020.

More information here.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire received $7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

New Jersey

New Jersey received $63 million in supplemental CCDBG fundsthrough the CARES Act.

More information here.

New Mexico

New Mexico received $29.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds in the CARES Act.

More information here.

New York

New York received $163 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

North Carolina

North Carolina received $118 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

North Dakota

North Dakota received $6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

Ohio

Ohio received $117 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma received $50 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Oregon

Oregon received $38.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania received $106.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island received $8 million in supplemental CCDBG funds in the CARES Act.

More information here.

South Carolina

South Carolina received $63.7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

South Dakota

South Dakota received $9 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Tennessee

Tennessee received $82.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Texas

Texas received $371.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Utah

Utah received $40.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Vermont

Vermont received $4.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

Virginia

Virginia received $70.8 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

Washington

Washington received $58.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

West Virginia

West Virginia received $23 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin received $51.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Wyoming

Wyoming received $4.1 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act and fully obligated these funds.

More information here.

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Alabama

Alabama received $65 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Alaska

Alaska received $6.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Actand distributed the full amount by the end of April2020.

More information here.

Arizona

Arizona received $88 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Arkansas

Arkansas received $41.5million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

California

California received $350 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Colorado

Colorado received $42.5 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Connecticut

Connecticut received $23.5 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Delaware

Delaware received $9.7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act and deemed child care an essential business during the pandemic.

More information here.

District Of Columbia

The District of Columbia received $6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Florida

Florida received $223.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Georgia

Georgia received $144.5 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Hawaii

Hawaii received $12 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Idaho

Idaho received $20 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act and deemed child care an essential service.

More information here.

Illinois

Illinois received $118.4million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Indiana

Indiana received $78.8 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Iowa

Iowa received $32 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.In March,76% of programs were temporarily closed due to the crisis.

More information here.

Kansas

Kansas received $30.77 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Kentucky

Kentucky received $67.7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act. As of November 13, Kentucky had spent approximately $62 million of its CARES Act supplement.

More information here.

Louisiana

Louisiana received $67.7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Maine

Maine received $11million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Maryland

Maryland received $45 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act. The state deemed child care an essential service, and obligated 100% of its supplemental CCDBG funds by June.

More information here.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts received $45.7million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Michigan

Michigan received $100 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Minnesota

Minnesota received $48.1 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

Mississippi

Mississippi received $47 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Missouri

Missouri received $66.5 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Montana

Montana received $10.1 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Nebraska

Nebraska received $20 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Nevada

Nevada received $32.9million in supplemental CCDBG funds and anticipated that this funding would last through August 2020.

More information here.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire received $7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

New Jersey

New Jersey received $63 million in supplemental CCDBG fundsthrough the CARES Act.

More information here.

New Mexico

New Mexico received $29.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds in the CARES Act.

More information here.

New York

New York received $163 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

North Carolina

North Carolina received $118 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

North Dakota

North Dakota received $6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

Ohio

Ohio received $117 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma received $50 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Oregon

Oregon received $38.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania received $106.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island received $8 million in supplemental CCDBG funds in the CARES Act.

More information here.

South Carolina

South Carolina received $63.7 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

South Dakota

South Dakota received $9 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Tennessee

Tennessee received $82.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Texas

Texas received $371.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Utah

Utah received $40.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Vermont

Vermont received $4.4 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

Virginia

Virginia received $70.8 million in supplemental CCDBG funds.

More information here.

Washington

Washington received $58.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

West Virginia

West Virginia received $23 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin received $51.6 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act.

More information here.

Wyoming

Wyoming received $4.1 million in supplemental CCDBG funds through the CARES Act and fully obligated these funds.

More information here.

New Findings (October – December)

  • Grants: At some point before September, 49 states had used CARES Act funds to offer grants to child care providers, and between October through December, 23 states announced new grants for child care providers.
  • Subsidy: By September, 17 states that paid subsidies to providers based on pre-pandemic enrollment over the summer reverted to payments based on attendance. From October to December, five more states reverted to attendance-based subsidy payments, while 13 explicitly announced that they would continue to pay providers based on enrollment.
  • School-Age Care: By September, seven states had offered financial assistance for school-age child care that went beyond typical subsidy support and most often took the form of grants to providers serving children of school ages. Six additional states began offering this type of assistance between October and December.
  • Non-CCDBG Funds: While 21 states had dedicated additional non-CCDBG funds by September to offer support for child care providers, 14 states did so from October through December (10 of which had already done so, and four of which did so for the first time). The non-CCDBG funds allocated between October through December totaled $446 million—of which $394 million came from 12 states’ Coronavirus Relief Fund federal dollars.
  • 2021 plans: By the end of 2020, just 13 states had announced plans to provide continued support for providers into the new year, given most states had already expended their supplemental CCDBG funds, and the uncertainty about further federal relief through the end of the year. However, late in December, Congress came to agreement on another COVID relief and recovery package which provided $10 billion in emergency assistance for child care through CCDBG and requires states to publish how they plan to use such funds by late February.

Overall 2020 Findings

  • Grants: States overwhelmingly used grant programs to administer funds throughout 2020: 45 states offered grants in the spring, 46 offered them during the summer, and 38 offered them during the fall.
  • Subsidy: To offer financial stability to providers during periods of low and variable attendance, 43 states used their supplemental CCDBG funds at some point during 2020 to pay subsidies to providers based on pre-pandemic enrollment, rather than attendance. However, as supplemental CCDBG funds ran out as the pandemic persisted, states reverted to attendance-based payments: 17 reverted to attendance-based payments by the end of the summer, five reverted by the end of the fall, and only 13 continued enrollment-based payments through December (eight did not publish updated subsidy information).
  • Parent Copays: To support providers while at the same time offering financial relief for parents, at least 22 states covered parent copays during 2020.
  • School-Age Care: Twelve states offered school-age care assistance at some point during the fall that went beyond offering subsidies for school-age children. These supports typically took the form of grants available to school-age care providers.
  • Non-CCDBG Funds: Due to the lack of sufficient federal relief for child care during 2020, 31 states invested non-CCDBG funds to supplement their child care dollars from the CARES Act, to keep their child care systems viable. Of these states, 23 used a total of $1.5 billion they received from the federal Coronavirus Relief Fund issued under the CARES Act, while 11 states (three of which also used CRF dollars) invested another $117 million from sources such as the Preschool Development Grant and the Governor’s Emergency Education Relief.
  • Total Child Care Relief Funds in 2020: Accounting for the $3.32 billion in supplemental CCDBG funds allocated to all 50 states and Washington D.C. during 2020 (excluding funds allocated for territories, tribes, and administrative purposes), and the additional funds states chose to pull from other sources such as the CRF, PDG, and GEER, a total of $4.96 billion in emergency child care relief was dedicated to families and providers in 2020.1

1 This funding estimate excludes broader state and federal grant programs available to small businesses such as the Paycheck Protection Program. To learn more about how the PPP supported child care providers, read our analysis here: https://bipartisanpolicy.org/blog/child-care-essential-to-economic-recovery-received-just-2-3-billion-in-ppp-funds/

2020 CCDBG State Tracker

 Offered Enrollment-Based Subsidies at Any PointReverted to Attendance-Based Subsidies By the End of SummerReverted to Attendance-Based Subsidies By the End of FallContinued Enrollment-Based Subsidies Through FallCovered Parent CopaysOffered Grants During the SpringOffered Grants during the SummerOffered Grants During the FallOffered School-Age Care Supports other than SubsidiesInvested Coronavirus Relief Fund Dollars in Child Care$ (millions)Invested non-CCDBG Funds Beyond CRF Dollars in Child Care$ (millions)Supplemental CCDBG Funds Received in the CARES Act ($ millions)Total Child Care Relief $ (millions)
ALXXXXX$65.0$65.0
AKXX$13.1$6.4$19.5
AZXXXX$88.0$88.0
ARXXXXCommunity Development Block Grant$41.0$41.0
CAXXXX$350.0$350.0
COXXXXXColorado Gap Fund, General Fund$70.0$42.5$112.5
CTXXXXXDalio Philanthropies$3.0$5.8$8.8
D.C.XXXXX$6.0$6.0
DEXXXXXXX$115.0$9.7$124.7
FLXXXXXPDG$2.4$223.6$226.0
GAXXXXX$144.5$144.5
HIXXXXXX$15.0$12.0$27.0
IDXXX$20.0$20.0
ILXXXXXXXX$290.0$118.4$408.4
INXXXUnidentified Source$12.0$78.8$90.8
IAXXXXXX$32.0$32.0
KSXXXXX$52.9PDG$3.8$30.8$87.5
KYXXXXXX$67.7$67.7
LAXXXXXXX$22.0$67.7$89.7
MEXXXXX$11.2$11.0$22.2
MDXXXXPDGUnidentified Amount$45.0$45.0
MAXXXXX$45.7$45.7
MIXXXXXXXX$195.0$100.0$295.0
MNXXXXXX$109.9$48.1$158.0
MSXXXXXX$47.0$47.0
MOXXXXXXX$46.0$66.5$112.5
MTXXXXXXXX$50.0$10.1$60.1
NEXXXXXX$20.0$20.0
NVXXX$32.9$32.9
NHXXXXXXX$35.0$7.0$42.0
NJXXXXXXXX$150.0$63.0$213.0
NMXXXX$29.4$29.4
NYXXXXXX$163.0$163.0
NCXXXXXXXX$35.0$118.0$153.0
NDXXXXXX$35.0$6.0$41.0
OHXXXXXX$117.0$117.0
OKXX$9.6$50.0$59.6
ORXXXXXX$30.0$38.6$68.6
PAXXXXXXX$116.0$106.4$222.4
RIXX$8.0$8.0
SCXXXGEER Fund$7.0$63.7$70.7
SDXXX$9.0$9.0
TNXXXXXX$82.4$82.4
TXXXXXX$371.6$371.6
UTXXXXXX$40.4$40.4
VTXXXXXX$12.0X$6.0$4.4$22.4
VAXXXXX$58.3GEER Fund$10.0$70.8$139.1
WAXXXXXXX$30.0$58.6$88.6
WVX$6.0$23.0$29.0
WIXXXX$80.0$51.6$131.6
WYXXXKidsFirst + Unidentified Source$3.0$4.1$7.1
<strong>TOTAL</strong>4317513224546381223$1,517.011$117.2$3,322.2$4,956.4
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