The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Clean Power Plan sets state-by-state CO2 emission rate goals that must be met by 2030. These state goals are based on an EPA formula that includes efficiency improvements at coal-fired power plants; increased generation from existing natural gas combined cycle units; generation from renewable energy sources and nuclear power; and demand side energy efficiency investments. While the emission rate targets are built off of these EPA building blocks, the proposal does not prescribe what tools the states must use to meet their goals.
The BPC Energy Team has compiled the state emission rate targets and compared them to emission rates from two relevant years:
- 2012: the year the Clean Power Plan emission rate targets are based on; and
- 2030: which captures what EPA’s modeling expects the emission rates to be in the absence of the Clean Power Plan.