The Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S.744) would significantly change the U.S. immigration system by creating, modify, or eliminate a variety of immigrant and non-immigrant visa categories. The Bipartisan Policy Center has prepared a summary table of the major proposed changes. The table includes current caps, new caps, and current annual flows for all of the major categories that S.744 would change.
In June 2013, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) released the International Migration Outlook 2013, which contains standardized statistics on permanent legal immigrants for 23 OECD countries and the Russian Federation. These statistics enable comparisons of how different countries prioritized different immigration categories in 2011. Among the 24 nations, the United States ranked first in total permanent immigration, but ranked 19th in permanent immigration as a share of its total population (0.34 percent).
In 1986, the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA, or Simpson-Mazzoli) granted legal status to about three million unauthorized immigrants. As Congress attempts to once again address our broken immigration system, stakeholders on all sides of the immigration reform debate have sought to compare current proposals to the IRCA. To support an informed dialogue, BPC prepared a comparison between IRCA and the current Senate proposal, the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S.744).
In an effort to facilitate the ongoing immigration debate, the Bipartisan Policy Center compiled the following overview of phrases, terms and information that are commonly used when discussing immigration and immigration reform. This will be a dynamic document that will grow as the debate unfolds; it should be viewed as a politically neutral, informative resource for those involved or interested in the immigration debate.
The Bipartisan Policy Center (BPC) recently released A Bipartisan Rx for Patient-Centered Care and System-Wide Cost Containment, which included a multitude of recommendations to spur improvement in system-wide health care quality and efficiency. This effort, led by former senators Tom Daschle, Bill Frist, Pete Domenici, and former OMB and CBO Director Dr. Alice Rivlin, focused extensively on reforms to Medicare that would result in higher quality care and reduce cost growth for beneficiaries and taxpayers. A central aim of our recommendations, which incorporate an SGR fix, is to create strong incentives for the full range of providers to transition from the volume-based payment methods that predominate in Medicare today to advanced payment and delivery models that promote accountability for quality outcomes, patient satisfaction and value.
Opinions on the extent to which the U.S. enforces immigration laws vary dramatically. Some contend that enforcement is already extremely tough, while others contend that the government fails to enforce immigration law. Rarely are these claims backed by more than one or two statistics.